Conventional theories of capitalism are mired in a deep crisis: after centuries debate, they still unable to tell us what capital is. Liberals and Marxists both think as an ‘economic’ entity that count universal units ‘utils’ or ‘abstract labour’, respectively. But these totally fictitious. Nobody has ever been able observe measure them, for good reason: don’t exist. Since liberalism Marxism depend on non-existing units, their hang suspension. They cannot explain the process matters most – accumulation capital. This book offers radical alternative. According authors, is not narrow economic entity, but symbolic quantification power. It little do with utility abstract labour, it extends far beyond machines production lines. Capital, authors claim, represents organized power dominant groups reshape creorder society. Written simple language, accessible lay readers experts alike, develops novel political economy. takes reader through history, assumptions limitations mainstream economics its associated politics. examines evolution Marxist thinking state. And articulates innovative theory ‘capital power’ new history ‘capitalist mode power’.
A comprehensive guide for business people, government administrators and specialists in management methodology to the original applied thinking, methods approaches used by Methodological School of Management, established Soviet era still operating successfully modern Russia today.
At what point did machines and technology begin to have an impact on the cultural consciousness imagination of Europe? How was this reflected through art literature time? Was a sign fall humanity from its original state innocence or human progress mastery over natural world? In his characteristically lucid captivating style, Jonathan Sawday investigates these questions more by engaging with poetry, philosophy, art, engineering period find lost world machine in pre-industrial culture European Renaissance. The aesthetic intellectual dimension appealed familiar figures such as Shakespeare, Francis Bacon, Montaigne, Leonardo da Vinci well host lesser known writers artists sixteenth seventeenth centuries. This engagement Renaissance gave rise new attitudes towards gender, work labour, even fostered sciences artificial life reason which would be pursued Descartes, Hobbes, Leibniz century. Writers, philosophers had mixed often conflicting reactions technology, reflecting paradoxical attitude between modern traditional values. Underpinning enthusiastic creation machine-driven world, then, were stories loss catastrophe. These contradictory are part legacy Renaissance, just much plays Shakespeare poetry John Milton. And historical helps explain many our own that surrounds us, sustains sometimes perplexes us world.